Domain Registration Guide: Ways of a Private Domain Registration
A domain, or domain name, is a symbolic analog of a website’s IP address that is understandable to a person. The first version of the domain is written in letters and is intended for people, and the second is specified as a technical IP address.
In simple words, a domain is an address that every home has. At this address, it is easy for us to find the right house (website) among the many resources on the web.
But how to register a domain and is it possible to conduct a private domain registration? We will tell you in this article.
The previous article about domain registration is here.
What is a domain?
A domain name or domain is an address (symbolic name) that people enter into the browser to get to the site. Like a fingerprint, each domain name is unique to a particular website, it cannot be shared or duplicated on other web pages.
All information about digital footprint is here.
Domains were created as a human-friendly way to access the Internet Protocol (IP), which is an online website locator. An IP address is a string of numbers assigned to each computer, consisting of four decimal numbers in the range from 0 to 255, separated by dots. While these seemingly random sequences of numbers are great for computers, it’s much easier for people to use words that they can remember. Similar to saving a phone number, domain names allow us to save 18.104.22.168 as google.com.
All domain name registrations are controlled by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which allocates and assigns IP addresses, launches accreditation systems for domain registrars, and maintains a centralized database of all domain names and their IP addresses.
ICANN has the right to approve new domain extensions (known as TLDs), manage them and close them if they do not comply with the established rules. Although domain names are usually referred to as URLs (universal resource locators) or web addresses they are only an important part of them. The basic form of a domain name consists of two elements — a name and an extension.
Why do we need domain names?
The task of the domain name is to simplify the memorization of the site address for the user. Thus, to access a specific site, it is enough for the user to remember the domain name instead of the digits of the code, which would simply be a non-associative set of digits difficult to remember. That is why it is preferable to choose a short and memorable word or phrase as a domain. The domain is also used:
- To set up mail. For example, you have purchased an address company.com. If you set up corporate mail, users will be able to write to you by email email@example.com. From this mail, you can send mass emails through the email mailing service.
- For parking. For example, you have started developing a website, but you are afraid that someone will take the right address earlier. Purchase a domain, and then place a banner on it with a notification about the imminent launch of the resource.
- For forwarding. It helps direct visitors to another site or page. For example, after the redesign, the domain has changed. In order not to lose visitors, they set up redirection — you specify the address of the old site, and your browser automatically opens a new one.
How to buy and register a domain name
Unlike the perpetual tariffs offered by hosting and VPS servers, buying a domain name does not give the owner the right to use it indefinitely. It is impossible to buy a domain forever — you can only rent it and register a domain for an individual/legal entity.
Only accredited companies and registrars can register domains. The minimum lease term for a domain name is one year. The price of a domain name is usually $15-25 per year. The cost depends on the placement area, brevity, sonority, registration period, servers, history, hosting provider, whether there is support, etc.
Domains are purchased for a year and the lease is renewed annually. It is necessary to extend the lease 30-60 days before the deadline for its completion. If the lease has ended, then there are another 30 days to extend. However, during this period, the website and mail on the domain stopped working, and the domain is released for auction.
The interception of domains of popular sites or consonant combinations is also very developed now. Professional domainers use programs specially developed for this purpose to intercept domains. Such programs send hundreds or even thousands of requests per second to the registrar’s service: therefore, as soon as the registrar’s server releases a valuable domain name, the registrar program immediately intercepts it. The queue goes between programs, a person is unable to compete.
Let’s analyze the main stages of domain registration:
- 1. Register on the registrar’s or partner’s website to be able to host on the server.
- 2. Select the domain and domain zone. If the name is free, reserve it.
- 3. Fill out the form and pay for the service to be placed on the web server.
The domain is yours. It remains to link it to the site. To link a domain, you need to specify it in the hosting settings. After that, the provider will tell you the addresses of the NS servers on which information about the location of the site will be stored.
Is private domain registration possible?
Domain registration is similar to the trademark registration procedure, but it seems simpler. Usually, the domain is registered to a specific person or a legal entity (organization). In the case of an individual, the following data is provided for domain registration: initials, passport data, valid phone number, and email address. All this data is “linked” to the site name when registering a domain. The registrar does not verify the authenticity of the information, therefore, it is not necessary to provide scanned documents.
It follows from this that the domain can be registered with fictitious personal data. That is, domain registration without passport data is not possible. But real data may be required in the future when the domain is re-registered to another owner. For example, in the case of selling a resource. In this case, it will be almost impossible to prove your involvement in the site.
However, remember, fictitious passport data primarily affects the possibility of transferring the domain to another person. Often, when registering a domain, a security question is asked as a password. After a while, a person can just forget about it. And if at one time he indicated fake data, then the transfer of the domain becomes impossible.
If there are problems with the current registrar or if the domain is hijacked, it will not be easy to prove something with fictitious data. Domain registration without passport data is one of the main reasons for domain loss.
For those who do not want to disclose their personal information, there is an anonymous domain registration. The service allows you to successfully develop a business on the internet without worrying about the legality of domain ownership. You will be able to easily manage your resource, even though its owner will be a stranger. With anonymous domain registration without data, you perform the same actions as with personal registration: register, delete, and change the owner or status.
Such domain registration without data is very convenient, as it does not involve any risks. The database of the company providing domains stores all data about the owner. In case of emergencies with the active intervention of third parties or government agencies, it will be very easy to prove your involvement in the resource. The company will provide all the necessary information about the owner. Finding out the data about the domain owner through the Whois service, you can only see the domain name.