The Story Behind: The Clear Advantages of Decentralization
The choice between a decentralized vs centralized network is a tricky question. The demand for secure internet systems that guarantee data privacy has a big impact on the best answer. After all, the prevalence of cybercrime is growing daily.
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In the early 2000s, only about 5% of the world’s population was online. But today this percentage has reached at least 80%. Previously, only government employees, students, and scientists could have free access to the internet. For connection, they used the phone number of the connected computer. Only after establishing a dial-up connection was it possible to connect to other computers and get access to the necessary data.
This early version of the internet was decentralized because each computer was independent. But the process was chaotic and multi-stage.
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The centralized network came later when many companies decided to commercialize the internet. This was done to attract more users. The first companies that were built on centralization were Microsoft and AOL. They took on the role of the first internet service providers.
Today, there are only a few popular web hosts that provide most internet connections. In other words, the decentralized internet has turned into a centralized one, which has created a number of problems related to user privacy and security.
It’s safe to say that nowadays a decentralized internet is better, and there are many obvious advantages of decentralization. Let’s take a look at why.
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The main difference between these two types is how people get access to online data. A centralized one is based on a single server where all data is stored. When a decentralized one uses a P2P architecture built on the user community. Nobody is under control in any way.
In simple terms, various connected devices serve as internet hosts. All hosts are going through hundreds of nodes and don’t use a single data storage server. So, the possibility of data leaks is minimal.
In the 21st century, the internet connection is provided by the government, as well as by major internet providers that store and process all data. This system has led to a media giants’ monopoly that negatively affects internet users.
In the article about The Social Media Giants: How Your Data Makes Them Money, we’ve already told you about real owners of the internet and your data. If you haven’t read it yet, now is a good time to do this.
The widespread use of the decentralized internet can be a real revolution in the digital space and finally put an end to the debate about the centralized vs decentralized internet.
A decentralized network will free users from the control of the government and tech corporations. They are the ones who now decide how your received information will be processed, stored, and used.
Which is the best example of a decentralized operation? We think that is Utopia P2P Network. Why? It’s simple. This is a decentralized ecosystem that uses all necessary security requirements to provide users with internet privacy. It transmits any information over the internet and protects all users’ data.
Here information is stored in such a way that the ecosystem creates individual storage for each client with unique access to it via a private key generated at the registration stage.
Advantages of decentralization
Any system has both positive and negative sides. The decentralized system also has two sides of the coin. What are the advantages and disadvantages of decentralization?
Let’s start with the pros.
- No tracking data
When using a decentralized internet, it is almost impossible to track how data is transferred from one place to another because thousands of devices act as nodes for storing data, rather than a single central point.
*Note that Facebook and Google use a single point of control, so it allows them to control user data and use it for their own interests.
- Privacy protection
Decentralized networks suggest a high degree of data security that people want to get in the common age. This type of system is ideal for people who want to keep their internet activity from third parties.
- No single-point failure
A decentralized internet system has a thousand of nodes that reduces the chance of data leakage because nobody can get access to transmitted and stored data.
- Unlimited scalability
The decentralized architecture works with multiple number of computer nodes and doesn’t use one single place for storage. More nodes – more security power can be provided by the system.
- No data censorship and complete net neutrality
There is no censorship in the decentralized network since it is not subject to higher centralized authority. Here, the principles of equality and freedom of speech are fully realized.
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Disadvantages of decentralization
- Lack of mass usage
Unfortunately, there are such popular media giants as Facebook, Twitter, Google, who have an exclusive monopoly on the internet. So, the decentralized network will remain in the shadows, due to people’s lack of knowledge of its existence.
- Latency problem
Decentralized networks are slower than centralized ones. Technology companies have invested funds in improving the connection speed in their centralized networks and applications. However, a decentralized network does not have powerful servers that load pages quickly.
- Increased responsibility
In a decentralized network, each user is responsible for himself and his data as well. He takes responsibility for network development. The fact that most people do not want to take such responsibilities becomes a problem for their widespread adoption.
A more in-depth comparison of a centralized and decentralized system has been described in the article Centralized vs Decentralized Network: What’s Better For Your Security? Make the right choice!
Today, a decentralized network has many challenges. The first one is the existence of popular centralized networks. The second is the aversion of users to dealing with something new. Finally, this is a lack of ads.
But, fortunately, such a system has a real potential to fulfill any shortcomings of traditional internet, and provides users with confidentiality and security of data on the net.
Soon, decentralized networks will revolutionize the internet.